Our Confederate Infantry Brigade consists of Co. A, the Wythe Grays and Co. E, the Montgomery Highlanders, 4th Virginia Infantry, Army of Northern Virginia (ANV)
These units were under Lt. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and Confederate Forces Commanding Gen. Robert E. Lee. The number of engagements and campaigns in which the 4th VA participated are too numerous to list here but among them were the many of the most famous including Gettysburg.
Although it is generally understood that the American Civil War, or The War Between the States as it is more commonly known in the states which were a part of the Confederacy, commenced on April 12, 1861 with the shelling of Ft. Sumter, and ended on April 14th, 1865 with General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, the conflicts, both verbal and physical, occurred over a much longer period of time.
The primary issues which resulted in the outbreak of war were political and economic as well as a fight over self determination (States Rights). The issue of slavery was entwined in all of these other issues and although a large part of the pie, was not the primary focus as many seem to believe 150 years later. As proof of this it is interesting to note that slavery was legal in parts of the North, before and after the Emancipation Proclamation. The Proclamation only pertained to areas under Confederate control and indeed existed for a period of time in the North after it’s passage.
Because over 80% of the Federal budget depended on taxes levied on the South and less than 20% returned it is easy to imagine the anger over Northern policies. For over two years there were arguments and negotiations in an attempt by the South to rectify this injustice, but in the end the North would not cede any changes in policy or control to the South. At the end of the war there were still pockets of resistance and violence well after Lee’s surrender. This was due partially to simply communication problems and partially simply the unwillingness of some units to give up.
At the beginning there were 7 states which seceded. After that six more joined along with 3 territories but there was never enough manufacturing capacity, transportation infrastructure or financial support to over come the advantages of the North. The Naval Blockade of Southern ports was the major stranglehold to the Southern economy which sought, but never gained the help and recognition of European countries.
It is a tribute to the American spirit that we have managed to heal in great part the rift of the 1860’s despite the poor treatment of the South after the war. No other country in history has managed to survive such a deep division and rise to become stronger in the end.
The Confederate Brigade proudly depicts the culture, honor and resiliency of the Southern soldier in an effort to educate and inform the general public about the proud history of our nation, devoid of political correctness.